It is commonly believed that teamwork makes the dream work. That is why there are a myriad of teams set up by organisations. Here, we present to you some of the different teams that occur in organisations and why they exist.
1) Work Group Teams
Individuals gather to work together in a team, usually under the supervision of a boss. Members of an interdependent-level work group team have to rely on each other to get their daily work done. Members work towards a common goal and this goal is usually to knock off on time. This is the most common type of team in an organisation and cooperation is highly appreciated in this setting.
2) Cross Functional Teams
These teams consist of people with different functional expertise, for example, marketing, finance, operations, human resources, etc. Members may also be from outside of the organisation. These teams exist because of specific duties which requires the input and expertise of the different departments. Each member brings to the table their own opinions to the task at hand. Brainstorming together, cross functional team members promote innovation and creative collaborations. An example of a cross functional team is a board of directors of an organisation.
3) Project Teams
Another familiar sight in organisations, project teams are usually formed as quickly as they are disbanded. They only exist for a defined period of time and for a very specific purpose i.e. the project. Most team members come from different departments so this team is a subset of the cross functional team. Individuals can be involved on a full time or part time basis. Usually, part time team members are arrowed by their supervisors to join the project team. The individual might not contribute fully, as they have to juggle their own job in addition to the increased workload of being on a project team.
4) Self-Managed Teams
Self-managed teams are a group of self-organised employees whose members manage their daily activities with little or no supervision. As they are highly empowered and in control of the decision-making process, self-managed team members may be more productive and motivated then the traditional work group teams. As a level of management is eliminated, the use of self-managed teams might just lower operating costs. However, this same lack of hierarchical authority may inhibit creativity and may impose unwanted responsibilities to some members who do not have the skills required. Members of such teams usually require a bit of training for them to succeed. Nonetheless, this team could be the most productive in the long run.
5) Leadership Teams
As the name suggests, leadership teams consist of leaders. Usually made up of team heads, they can also involve advisors and analysts who can lead the leaders their perspective. The most important team in any organisation, this team decides on the overall direction of the company. Each team member is the best in his or her field and there is no overt competition within the team. As the old saying goes: The whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Everyone on the team wants what’s best for the organisation. After all, that’s what will contribute to the yearend bonuses, right?
Regardless of which team you may currently be in, it is always worthy to improve relations within the team. Why not engage in some fun team building activities at CulinaryOn to get to know your team members better?